The 10 Steps How to Build House
- 1 1. Prepare the location and pour the inspiration
- 2 2. Complete the rough framing
- 3 3. Complete raw plumbing, electric HVAC
- 4 4. Install the insulation
- 5 5. Finish drywall and interior fittings, begin exterior finishes
- 6 6. Finish interior trim, install exterior aisles and driveway
- 7 7. Install pave floors, counters; Full outside classification
- 8 8. Finish the mechanical seals; Install bathroom accessories
- 9 9. Install mirrors, shower doors; Finishing floor, exterior landscaping
- 10 10. Final virtual tour
1. Prepare the location and pour the inspiration
- Apply for and acquire permits
- Construction Team Levels Site
- Sets up wooden forms for the temporary foundation
- The soles are installed
Before a builder can put a shovel within the ground, the government must approve the planning and supply permits for everything from zoning and grading (changing the contour of the land to accommodate your home and driveway) to septic tanks, construction of the house, electricity works and plumbing. Once the permits are acquired, the physical construction can begin.
Often site preparation and foundation work is completed by an equivalent crew, but this might not be the case with wooded land. employing a backhoe and bulldozer, the crew cleared the location of rocks, debris, and trees for the house and, if applicable, the tank . The crew leveled the location , laid wooden formwork to function a template for the inspiration , and dug the holes and trenches. Footings (structures where the house interfaces with the world that supports it) are installed. If your home is to possess a well, it’ll be dug at now .
If the house features a full basement, the opening is dug, the footings are formed and poured, and therefore the foundation walls are formed and poured. within the case of a slab on ground, the footings are dug, formed and cast; the world between them is leveled and equipped with utility pipes (for example, plumbing drains and electric tracks); and therefore the slab is poured.
Once the concrete has been poured into the holes and trenches, it’ll take time to harden. During this era , there’ll be no activity on the location .
Once the concrete has hardened, the team applies a waterproofing membrane to the inspiration walls; install drains, sewers and water faucets also as any plumbing that has got to enter the primary floor slab or basement; and backfill the dirt excavated within the hole round the foundation wall.
Inspection # 1
When the drying process is complete, a city inspector visits the location to make sure that the inspiration components are up to code and installed correctly. This inspection are often repeated counting on the sort of foundation (slab, crawl space or basement). Your builder will then remove the forms and begin coordinating step 2, the coaching phase.
2. Complete the rough framing
The ground system, walls and roof systems are complete
Coating applied to exterior walls, covered with a protective envelope
Floor systems, walls, and roof systems are complete (collectively called the shell or skeleton of the house). A plywood or oriented strand board (OSB) coating is applied to the outside walls and therefore the roof and exterior windows and doors are installed. The sheathing is then covered with a protective barrier called the inner envelope; it prevents liquid water from seeping into the structure while allowing water vapour to flee . This reduces the danger of mold and wood rotting.
3. Complete raw plumbing, electric HVAC
The following items are installed:
- Hoses and wires
- Sewer lines and vents
- Water system lines
- Bathtubs, shower units
- Ducts for HVAC system
- HVAC ventilation pipes
Once the hull is complete, the siding and roofing are often installed. At an equivalent time, electrical and plumbing contractors are beginning to run pipes and wires through interior walls, ceilings, and floors. Sewer lines and vents, also as water system lines for every device, are installed. Tubs and one-piece shower / tub units are found out at now , as there’s more room to maneuver large, heavy objects.
Ducts are installed for the heating, ventilation and air con (HVAC) system and possibly the furnace. HVAC vent pipes are installed through the roof and insulation is installed in floors, walls and ceilings.
Once the roof is finished, the home is considered “dried up”. An electrician then installs outlets for outlets, lights, and switches, and runs wires from the breaker panel to every outlet. Cabling for phones, cable TV, and music systems is included during this job.
Note that HVAC ducts and plumbing are usually installed before wiring, because it is simpler to run wires around pipes and ducts than the opposite way around.
Inspections # 2, # 3, # 4
4. Install the insulation
Types of insulation common in new homes
- Rock wool foam
- Concrete blocks
- Insulating concrete formwork
- Spray foam
- Structural insulated panels
- Foam board or ridged foam
Insulation plays a key role in creating a easier and cohesive indoor climate while dramatically improving the energy efficiency of a home. one among the foremost important qualities of insulation is its thermal performance or R-value, which indicates how well the fabric is immune to heat transfer. Most homes are insulated altogether exterior walls, also as within the attic and any floors above unfinished basements or crawl spaces.
The most common sorts of insulation utilized in new homes are fiberglass, cellulose, and foam. counting on the region and climate, your builder can also use mineral wool (also called rock wool or mineral wool); Concrete blocks; foam board or rigid foam; insulating concrete formwork (ICF); spray foam; and structural insulation panels (SIP).
Roof insulation, which comes in mats or rolls, is typical of latest home construction. an equivalent goes for loose and blown insulation, which is formed of particles of fiberglass, cellulose or rock wool . Another insulation option, liquid foam, are often sprayed, foamed in situ , injected or cast. Although it costs quite traditional mattress insulation, liquid foam has twice the R-value per inch and may fill the littlest cavities, creating an efficient air barrier.
Fiberglass and rock wool mats and rolls are typically installed in side walls, attics, floors, crawl spaces, cathedral ceilings, and basements. Manufacturers often attach a coating like kraft or aluminum kraft to act as a vapor barrier and / or air barrier. In areas where insulation are going to be left exposed, like basement walls, the mats sometimes have a special fire retardant coating.
5. Finish drywall and interior fittings, begin exterior finishes
- Drywall is hung and sealed
- Texturing is complete
- The primer paint layer is applied
- The outside finishes (brick, stucco, stone) are installed
The drywall is hung and sealed in order that the joints between the panels aren’t visible and therefore the drywall texturing (if applicable) is completed. The flat coat of paint is additionally applied after the taping is complete. Contractors are beginning to install exterior finishes like brick, stucco, stone and siding.
6. Finish interior trim, install exterior aisles and driveway
- Doors, window sills, decorative trim installed
- Cabinets, vanities, fireplace mantels installed
- Final coat of paint
Interior doors, baseboards, door frames, window sills, crown moldings, stair balusters and other decorative trim are installed, also as cabinets, vanities and mantels and hearth surrounds. The walls receive a top coat of paint and are papered where necessary.
Usually, exterior walkways, walkways and patios are formed at now . Many builders like better to wait until the top of the project before pouring the driveway because heavy equipment (like a drywall delivery truck) can damage the concrete. But some builders pour the driveway as soon because the foundation is finished, so when homeowners visit the development site, they do not get their shoes dirty.
7. Install pave floors, counters; Full outside classification
Ceramic tiles, vinyl and wood flooring are installed also as countertops. The leveling of the outside finish is complete to make sure adequate drainage faraway from the house and to organize the yard for landscaping.
8. Finish the mechanical seals; Install bathroom accessories
Light fixtures, outlets and switches are installed and therefore the electrical panel is complete. HVAC equipment is installed and registers are completed. Sinks, toilets and taps are in situ.
9. Install mirrors, shower doors; Finishing floor, exterior landscaping
Mirrors, shower doors and carpeting are installed and final cleaning takes place. Trees, shrubs and grass are planted and other outdoor amenities are completed.
Inspection # 5
A code official performs a final inspection and issues a certificate of occupancy. If any defects are detected during this inspection, a follow-up inspection are often scheduled to make sure they need been corrected.
10. Final virtual tour
This is where you notice the things that require to be fixed or adjusted!
Your builder will walk you thru your new home to familiarize you with its features and therefore the operation of varied systems and components, and explain your service and maintenance responsibilities, also as warranty coverage and procedures. this is often often mentioned as a pre-settlement guided tour. this is often also a chance to identify items that require to be corrected or adjusted, so take care and attentive. Examine the surfaces of counters, lighting fixtures , floors and walls for possible damage. Sometimes disputes arise because the owner discovers a gash during a counter after occupation and there’s no thanks to prove whether it had been caused by the builder’s team or the owner’s movers.